Lasik eye surgery – high tech solution to sight issues
History of lasik eye surgery began at the end of the 19th century in Columbia. Mr. Jose Barraquer was among the pioneers of this vast medical field. He found great interest in experimenting with cornea tissue. He believed that certain manipulations could allow the patient to see crystal clear without glasses – and he was right, but far ahead of his time.
The first experiments were an attempt to move from barbaric traditional methods (that no reasonable person would allow to use in his sane mind) to more modern and safe techniques. Dr. Barraquer made an important step in transitioning from manual cut to a mechanized operation by introducing microkeratome – this tools plays a vital role today as well.
Basically, the operation was accomplished in three steps:
The cornea was cut open;
A disk was removed with the microkeratome and reshaped;
The disk was re-attached with a cryolathe.
While this was hands down a big step forward, the technique was not as accurate as it was required. Besides, rehabilitation could take long enough.
Introducing laser based techniques
The next significant step in laser eye surgery history was made by Mr. Stephen Trokel in mid 20th century. He studied the possibility of excimer laser application in the field. At first he conducted experiments on animals, then on blind humans. After he has proven that the cornea returns to its normal state within weeks, the first real operation was conducted. It showed
Lasik eye surgery history developed further when Dr. Lucio Buratto combined the two mentioned methods. Besides, he introduced a new approach that implied that the cornea disk was not removed from the tissue, but rather remained partially attached. This allowed for further easier relocation and faster recovery
History of laser eye surgery developement never ended. It develops rapidly; every year new improvements are introduced. A much wider range of sight issues can be fixed today than a decade ago, and the future looks much brighter!